Project ARTICHOKE was a CIA project that researched interrogation methods and arose from project BLUEBIRD on August 20, 1951, run by the Office of Scientific Intelligence. A memorandum by Richard Helms to CIA director Allen Welsh Dulles indicated Artichoke became Project MKULTRA on April 20, 1953.
The project studied hypnosis, forced morphine addiction (and subsequent forced withdrawal), and the use of other chemicals, among other methods, to produce amnesia and other vulnerable states in subjects.
Artichoke was an offensive program of mind control that gathered together the intelligence divisions of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and FBI. In addition, the scope of the project was outlined in a memo dated January 1952 that stated, "Can we get control of an individual to the point where he will do our bidding against his will and even against fundamental laws of nature, such as self preservation?"
- Project BLUEBIRD
- Project CHATTER
- Project MKDELTA
- Project MKNAOMI
- Project MKULTRA
- Frank Olson
- Ronson, Jon. The Men Who Stare At Goats. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2004.
- TV-documentary about Project Artichoke by Egmont R. Koch, broadcasted by WorldLink Spotlight (Split in five parts at youtube)
- Declassified MKULTRA Project Documents
- frankolsonproject chronology
- XVII. Testing and Use of Biological Agents by the Intelligence Community
- List of MKULTRA Unclassified Documents including subprojects
- The Search for the "Manchurian Candidate", by John D. Marks
- Bluebird: Deliberate Creation of Multiple Personality by Psychiatrists, by Dr. Colin A. Ross