A neurochip is a chip (integrated circuit/microprocessor) that is designed for the interaction with neuronal cells.

Formation Edit

It is made of silicon that is doped in such a way, that it contains EOSFETs (electrolyte-oxide-semiconductor FET) that can sense the electrical activity of the neurons (action potentials) in the above-standing physiological electrolyte solution. It also contains capacitors for the electrical stimulation of these cells.

Applications Edit

Present applications are neuron research. Future applications (still in the experimental phase) are retinal implants or brain implants.

What it is not Edit

A cochlear implant is not a neurochip because it only contains electrodes that stimulate the auditory nerve. Instead, a cochlear implant is more commonly referred to as a neuroprosthesis.

See alsoEdit

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